Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

About Barley

  • Barley is one of the most highly adaptable cereal grains as a cool-season, early maturing crop.
  • Belonging to the grass family, barley grows between two and four feet tall.
  • Barley prefers cool, dry growing areas and does well to suppress weeds, control erosion, and recycle nutrients.


  • Livestock feed or malting is the primary use of the barley grown in the United States.
  • Barley flour is used in baby food, breakfast cereal, or mixed with wheat flour.

Fast Facts

  • Barley is ranked the fourth most important grain crop in the United States.
  • Barley is valuable in hog feed, giving desirable portions of lean meat and firm fat.