Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum)

About Pearl Millet

  • Pearl Millet is a grass that grows 4-5 feet tall and produces seeds on a spike that look similar to a cattail.
  • Planted in early summer, pearl millet flowers 60-70 days after planting and the plant’s seeds will mature an additional 30 days from flowering.
  • Pearl millet can produce 3,000-4,500 pounds per acre (depending on the soil type).

Fast Facts

  • Birds sometimes perch on the spike of a pearl millet plant and eat the seeds.
  • Pearl Millet is 40% higher in lysine than field corn. This is one reason why some livestock producers are interested in using it for animal feed.


  • Forage
  • Animal Feed– mostly for poultry
  • Human Consumption (not common in the U.S.)
  • Birdseed Mixes