Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)

About Buckwheat

  • Buckwheat is a food crop similar to a cereal grain (like wheat and oats) that grows 2-4 feet tall and has abundant white flowers.
  • Buckwheat reaches maturity in only 9-12 weeks, depending on planting dates.
  • Because buckwheat grows quickly, it can often be planted after another crop such as wheat, oats, or flax (depending on the region).

Fast Facts

  • Buckwheat and rhubarb belong to the same family.
  • Thomas Jefferson and George Washington were some of the first to grow buckwheat in the United States.


  • Human Consumption: buckwheat flour, soba noodles, breakfast cereals, and multi-grain products
  • Animal Feeds
  • Wildlife forage, pollinator plots, cover cropping