Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

About Horseradish

  • Although its leaves can be eaten, horseradish has been cultivated since ancient times for its large, white, tapered root.
  • It is a root vegetable grown and used as a spice worldwide.
  • Horseradish comes from the same family as broccoli, wasabi, mustard, and cabbage, which are all perennial plants.


  • Condiment—by itself or an ingredient in dressings or sauces
  • Served with meat and vegetable dishes
  • The roots can be used for medicinal purposes and health benefits

Fast Facts

  • Illinois is the nation’s largest producer of horseradish.
  • “Horseradish” comes from “horse” meaning strong and large, and “radish” meaning “root.”